Home >> Ethnobotany Plants - Part: M >> Murraya koenigii (L.)Spreng.

Murraya koenigii (L.)Spreng.

Group: Dicot
Family: Rutaceae - Rue family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Chhotokamini, Girinim, Gandhal, Barasunga, Babsanga, Kariaphuli, Pahari Nim, Bhatraj

Tribal Name: Shatley (Khumi).

English Name: Curry-leaf Tree.

Description of the Plant:

A strong smelling, shrub or small tree. Leaves pinnately compound; leaflets variable, usually obliquely ovate, obtusely acuminate, crenulate. Flowers small, white in much-branched, many-flowered, terminal corymbs.Fruit ovoid or subglobose, black, rugose.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain an essential oil, tannins, resin, glucoside, koenigin, koenigicine, koemine, koenigine, koenidine, koenimbine, cyclomahanimbine, mahanine, mahanimbidine and scopolin. Fruits and seeds contain the carbazole alkaloids, mahanimbine, murrayazolidine, girinimbine, koenimbine, koenigicine, mahanine, iso-mahanine and murrayanol. Stem-bark contains girinimbin, girinimbine, murrayanine, murrayacine and a carbazole carboxylic acid - mukoeic acid, curryangine and curryanine.

Flowers contain a large number of mono- and sesquiterpenoids, the major ones being ß-caryophyllene, ß-ocimene and linalool. A new dimeric carbazole alkaloid, bismurrayafoline E, has been isolated from this plant. Girinimbine, mahanimbine, isomahanimbine and murrayacine have also been isolated from leaves and roots. Plant also contains mukonine and mukonidine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).

Mode of Uses:

Timber is used as fuel and to prepare household materials (Khumi).

Green leaves are eaten raw to cure dysentery; bruished leaves are applied externally to cure bruises, and eruptions. An infusion of the toasted leaves is used to stop vomiting. The leaves are given in decoction with bitters as a febrifuge. Juice prepared from roots is taken in pain associated with kidney.


Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sal forests.

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