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Murongs Marriage and Clan Features

Marriage:

Murongs do not marry within the same clan or sub clan. Their boys and girls are also not allowed io many within two different clans involved in war even after when they enter into truce or peace agreement and become friends, since in such situation, they become brothers in practice and therefore, their children can not marry each other.

Murongs have many different ways of performing marriage ceremony but the ceremony is usually very short. Once a couple is selected for marriage, they slaughter a cock in presence of the couple.

When the blood gushes from the vein, someone dips his middle finger and anoints the forehead of the bride and groom. Then follows the declaration that they are husband and wife. After this brief ceremony, the bride and groom eat together and the invitees and guests sprinkle. Water and rice to bless the couple.

Divorce is allowed in the Murong society. But the husband can not divorce his wife without a legitimate cause. If a man divorces his wife without any cause, he will be left alone in a deep jungle only with in axe to defend himself from wild animals. A widow may marry but the remarriage is allowed only with a plebian. Bigamy or polygamy is not socially allowed.

Social Custom and Clan Features:

Although they introduce themselves to the outsiders as Mros, the outsiders know them as Murong. Within the community they call themselves as ‘Marucha’. In the Mro language, 'maru' means human beings. Many people believe 'Mro' has emanated from 'maru'. One of the Mro customs is the formation of a clan with a few families.

Some of the currently known clans are:

  1. yangrua
  2. naichah
  3. tam-tu-chah
  4. yomre
  5. yanringcha
  6. tang
  7. kanbok
  8. prenju
  9. deng
  10. khou

The yangrua clan has four sub-clans. These are: khatpo, chimlung, chongnow, and chowla. Tang clan also has three sub-clans. In the Mro social system, the clans enjoy special importance. For instance,

(a) the boys and girls of a particular clan cannot marry within the clan. A boy of the deng clan cannot marry a girl of his clan. He has to marry a girl from another clan,

(b) Even if two clans become close to each other after a war or truce, their children cannot marry within these clans. It is expected the two clans united fraternally shall support each other in important matters. For instance, the khatpo sub-clan of the yangruas has fraternal relations with tam-tu-chah and yomre clans. Therefore, their children can never marry among these clans,

(c) According to Mro custom, the boys of a particular clan can marry girls of another clan but the boys of the girls' clan cannot marry in the clan of the boys. They have to marry in another clan. For instance, boys of khatpo sub-clan have traditionally been marrying girls of khou, kanbok and naichah clans but their girls cannot marry boys of those clans.

In the past the Mro society ran on the basis of dependence on the chiefs of clans. But after introduction in 1900 of headman system in the Mro areas, and creation of the post of 'roaza' in the villages, the village-based society is now in vogue.


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