Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Vine
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Alkushi, Bichchoti, Khamach, Bilaiachra.
Tribal Name: Eng Rhi Noi (Marma), Kru-kuch (Murang).
English Name: Common Cowitch, Cowhage.
A slender, anual twiner. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 7.5-12.5 cm long, the terminal one rhomboid-ovate, the lateral one with truncate base, very inequilateral, subacute, densely clothed with silvery-grey hairs beneath. Flowers purple, in elongate 6-30 flowered pendulous racemes, corolla purple. Pods turgid, falcately curved on both ends, densely clothed with darkbrown, persistent, irritant bristles.
The plant contains resin, tannin and fat. Seeds contain mucuadininine, prurieninine, prurieni-dine and small amount of nicotine. They also contain a plant growth-inhibiting allelochemical candidate, L-3, 4-dihydroxy-phenylalanine (Ghani, 2003). Seeds also contain 4% reddish viscous oil and the alkaloids, mucunine, mucunadine, mucuadine (Chopra et al., 1992).
Paste prepared from leaves is applied to wounds and rupture. It has antiseptic property.
Throughout Bangladesh in village thickets and jungle.
Return from Mucuna pruriens (L) DC. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.