Moringa moringa (L.) Millsp.
Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.
Guilandina moringa L.
Family: Moringaceae - Horse-radish tree family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Sajna, Sajina.
Tribal Name: Sazina (Chakma), Gajeley, Dendalum Naisumbi/Sicumbi (Marma), Dain Tho Rai (Mogh) Seachna (Murang), Dendalum (Rakhaing).
English Name: Drumstick Tree, Horse Radish Tree.
A large tree. Leaves pinnate; leaflets opposite, elliptic, oblong, ovate or obovate. Flowers white. Fruits an elongated capsule.
Bark of the trunk yields a tragacanth-like gum which contains bassorin, ß-sitosterol, enzyme and sugars, arabinose, galactose, dextrose, glucuronic acid and also traces of rhamnose. Root bark contains two alkaloids, moringine and moringinine, also benil, moringinic acid, athonin and spirochin. Seeds contain fixed oil and fatty acids, such as palmitic, stearic, behenic and oleic acids and 4(-L-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl isothiocyanate, an antibiotic principle. Alanine, arginine, glycine, serine, threonine, valine, glutamic and aspartic acids have been reported in flowers and fruits. Flowers and fruits also contain sucrose and glucose. Stem contains 4-hydroxymellein, vanillin, octacosanoic acid, ß-sitosterol and ß-sitostenone.
A glycoside has been isolated from the leaves. Leaf is rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. Leaves also contain aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, threonine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, histidine, lysine, arginine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, cysteine and methionine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990, 93). Each part of the plant contains considerable amount of K, Mg, Zn and Ca. Mn and Fe also present in adequate amount (Sahito et al., 2004).
Cultivated throughout Bangladesh in homestead.
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