Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Daruharidra, Rang gach, Pandogi, Pachuka (Dianjpur), Holdiruk (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Koba bena (Chakma), Bot tita (Tripura), Cheng rong (Garo), Tara taba (Marma), Thachi (Marma).
A small tree. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, oblong-elliptic, and acuminate.Flowers fragrant, white.
Leaves contain ursolic acid and rutin. Rhein, aloe-emodin and morindone have been isolated from the heartwood of the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Stem and root extract is taken for urethritis (Chakma).
The bark with 13 other plants (see Allium sativum) is used to make pills to be taken thrice daily before food for the treatment of abdominal tumours and leaves [together with 17 other plants (see Typhonium trilobatum)] are used to prepare a paste which is applied to the affected areas for the treatment of elephantiasis (Tripura).
Chakma tribe use to take decoction of the stem and root to treat urinary diseases. Leaves are used for treating jaundice. Marma tribe believes that root paste and juice is effective against insect bites and fever.
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Dinajpur, Narail and Sandwip.
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