Momordica ovata Cogn.
Muricia cochinchinensis Lour.
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kakrol, Golkakra.
Tribal Name: Shejlock shak (Chakma), Achampol (Khumi), Kang-chaing-za (Murang).
English Name: Chinese-cucumber.
A large climber with perennial root stock and tuberous roots. Leaves suborbicular in outline, cordate at base, 3- rarely 5-lobed.Flowers monoecious, large, solitary, white, tinged with yellow.Fruit ovoid, pointed, red, densely covered with raised points.
Roots contain a large number of triterpenoids saponins of which the major ones are momordins I and II and columbin. Chodrillasterol has been isolated from the tuber. They also contain a sterol, bessisterol, identical with spinasterol. Stems and leaves contain momordin. Seeds contain fatty oil, free fatty acids, proteins, amino acids, anti-cancer saponins, gypsogenin glycoside, sterols, oleanolic acid, a triterpene, momordic acid. Fruits contain ß-carotene (Ghani, 2003).
Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.)Spreng.
Cultivated throughout Bangladesh.
Return from Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.)Spreng. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.