Home >> Ethnobotany Plants - Part: M >> Mirabilis jalapaL.

Mirabilis jalapaL.

Group: Dicot
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit:Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Shandhamaloti, Krishnakali.

Tribal Name: Yeak Kup Chi (Murang).

English Name: Four O'clock Plant, Marvel of Peru.

Description of the Plant:

A perennial herb with a large tuberous root. Leaves ovate, cordate. Flowers usually purple but very numerous colours are found, born solitary in the leaf axils. Seeds, ovoid, tubercled, black.

Chemical Constituents:

Root tubers contain starch, an alkaloid, trigonelline and a ribosome inactivating protein, called Mirabilis antiviral protein, which also possesses abortifacient activity. Seeds contain antimicrobial proteins (Ghani, 2003). Four new miraxanthins (I, II, III, IV), indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthin I have been isolated from flowers. Tricosan-12-one, n-hexacosanol, ß-sitosterol, tetracosanoic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, and amino acids- leucine, valine tryptophan, alanine and glycine have been detected in leaves (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).

Mode of Uses:

Paste prepared from leaves is applied to boils. Time is counted by observing blooming flowers(Murang).


Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet and Tangail.

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