Bangla/Vernacular Name: Shandhamaloti, Krishnakali.
Tribal Name: Yeak Kup Chi (Murang).
English Name: Four O'clock Plant, Marvel of Peru.
A perennial herb with a large tuberous root. Leaves ovate, cordate. Flowers usually purple but very numerous colours are found, born solitary in the leaf axils. Seeds, ovoid, tubercled, black.
Root tubers contain starch, an alkaloid, trigonelline and a ribosome inactivating protein, called Mirabilis antiviral protein, which also possesses abortifacient activity. Seeds contain antimicrobial proteins (Ghani, 2003). Four new miraxanthins (I, II, III, IV), indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthin I have been isolated from flowers. Tricosan-12-one, n-hexacosanol, ß-sitosterol, tetracosanoic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, and amino acids- leucine, valine tryptophan, alanine and glycine have been detected in leaves (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Paste prepared from leaves is applied to boils. Time is counted by observing blooming flowers(Murang).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet and Tangail.
Return from Mirabilis jalapaL. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.