Family: Sapotaceae - Sapodilla family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bakul.
English Name: Elengi, Indian Medlar, Spanish cherry
A moderate to large sized tree. Leaves are elliptic or obovate. Coriaceous, primary nerves many, sub parallel spreading from the mid rid. Flower axillary, pedicelled, solitary or fascicled. Fruits are globose berry with orange red colour and contain a juicy pulp. Flowering time: April-June; Fruiting time: May-September.
Bark contains tannins, wax, coloring matter and starch. Taraxerone, taraxerol, betulinic acid, a-spinasterol have also been isolated from bark. Fruits contain tannins, saponins and sugar. Seeds contain a fixed oil and saponins. The triterpenoids saponins, taxifolin, a-spinasterol, Mi-glycoside 1, mimusopside A and B, mimusin, Mi-saponin A and 16- a-hydroxy Mi-saponin A have been isolated from the seeds. Leaves contain proteins and a large number of amino acids.
Roots contain steroidal saponins. Quercitol, ursolic acid, glucose, a triterpene alcohol, quercetin, dihydroquercetin and ß-sitosterol glucoside have been isolated from fruits and seeds. Flowers contain D-mannitol, ß-sitosterol and its glucosides. Plant also contains ß-carotene, hentriacontane and lupeol (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Ghani, 2003).
Mimusops elengi L.
Orange-red fruits with astringent with yellow pulp. The pulp is eaten directly (Dinajpur).
Flowers are taken in liver complaints and smoked to relief asthma. The pulp of the ripe fruit is astringent and useful in curing chronic dysentery. The bruised seeds are applied locally within the anus of children in cases of constipation. The bark isuseful in fevers, bleeding gums, loose teeth and swelling of mouth and tongue.
Planted all over Bangladesh.
Return from Mimusops elengi L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.