Home >> Ethnobotany Plants - Part: M >> Mimosa pudica L.

Mimosa pudica L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Lajjaboti, Lajak.

Tribal Name: Nahjak (Bawm), Lajuri hada, Lajuri kher (Chakma), Aangze (Khumi), Rapainbain, Thrapay, Kak Pine (Marma), Pinjorukri (Murang), Shraprem (Rakhaing), Lasjuk Gaith (Tanchangya).

English Name: Sensitive Plant, Humble Plant.

Description of the Plant:

Undershrubs; stems with prickles. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, sensitive. Flowers in heads, pink. Fruits pods.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and stems have been reported to contain an alkaloid, mimosine. Leaves also contain an adrenaline-like substance. Seeds contain mucilage and roots tannins. The plant also contains turgorins (Ghani, 2003). Mucilage of seeds contains galactose and mannose in ratio 1:1 (Rastogin and Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

  • Whole plant boiled is in water and the extract is taken to treat body inflammation and pain during urination (dysurea). Paste prepared from root is taken for the treatment of diarrhoea (Bawm).
  • A paste of the roots is applied to boils; a root extract is taken for dysentery, a paste of the leaves is applied to infected areas to treat insect bites and a paste of the whole plant with Limnophila repens is applied to affected areas for the treatment of leucoderma (Chakma).
  • Extract prepared from root is taken twice a day for one month to treat piles (Khumi).
  • Root tied in broken leg to treat leg fracture in hen and paste prepared from root applied to boils (Marma).
  • Leaf extract is applied to treat of pyorrhea (Gum infection).Paste prepared from whole plant is applied to external infection (Murang).
  • Paste prepared from leaf and applied in boils area for boils suppuration. Boil whole plant in water and reduce the volume up to 33%, sugar is mixed in the extract & taken one glass twice daily until cured from jaundice and boils (Rakhaing).

Distribution:

All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.

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