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Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi

Cytisus pinnatus L.
Derris indica (Lam.) Bennet
Galedupa indica Lam.
Galedupa pinnata (L.) Taub.
Pongamia glabra Vent.
Pongamia mitis Kurz
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Dahur Karanja, Karanija, Kelenga, Dahur, Kanji, Pitagola, Koja, Karach (Sylhet), Karanja (Sunderban), Keron, Kerong (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Mauprun (Marma).

English Name: Indian Beech, Poonga oil.

Description of the Plant:

A Moderat-sized tree. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets ovate, entire, acuminate. Flowers pale pink, in axillary racemes. Pods obliquely oblong, one seeded. Occasional in marginal land.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain furanoflavone-3'-methoxypongapin in addition to karanjin, kanjone and its two isomers 7-methoxyfurano-(4'', 5'',6,5)- flavone and 8-methoxyfurano-(4'',5''-6,7)-flavone. Bark contains a hydroxychalcone, pongapinone A, which is useful for treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Stem bark also contain chromenoflavone, pongachromene, glabra-I, glabra-II, kuranjin, pongapin, kanugin and de-methoxykanugin. Root bark contains a large number of the flavonoid compounds, ponganones, four furoflavones, keranjin, pongapin, pinnatin and gamatin and tetra-methoxyfisetin. Flowers contain new OH-furanoflavone, pongaglabol, aurantiamide acetate, 4 known furano flavones, ß-sitosterol and kaempferol.

Seeds contain a bitter fatty oil, crystalline substances, ß-diketone, karanjin, pongamol, glabrin, pongapin, lanceolatin-B, kanjone, isopongaflavone and pongapine and also traces of essential oil. Seed oil contains di-methylchromenoflavanone, isolonchocarpin and demethoxy kanugin; oil from immature seed yields new OH-furanoflavone and pongol. Heartwood contains pongachalcone, glabrachromen, de-methoxykanugin, kanugin, pongaglabrone, ß-sitosterol and pongachromene (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

Leaf boils into water and taken bath by this water for the treatment of itches (Marma).

A poultice of the leaves is applied to ulcers infested with worms. A decoction of the leaves is used for medicated baths and fomentation in cases of rheumatic pains; paste is useful in whitlow. Seeds possess hypotensive properties and produces uterine contractions. Powdered seed is valued as a febrifuge and tonic; used in bronchitis and whooping cough; in the forms of paste used for leprous sores, skin diseases and painful rheumatic joints, also as fish poison.


Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Sundarbans, usually growing by the side of rivers, canals, streams and ditches.

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