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Mikania micrantha Kunth

Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae - Aster family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Toofainna lata, Refuzi lata (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Asham ludi (Chakma), Woalaban (Marma), Lyhu-azing/Japai-acha (Khumi), Chinabelh (Bawm).

English Name: Climbing Hempweed, Bittervine.

Description of the Plant:

Twiners, stems terete or slightly angled. Leaves opposite, simple, cordate-hastate. Flowers in heads of compound corymbs, white. Fruits cypseals, papus.

Chemical Constituents:

The plant contains mikanin, friedelin, epifriedinol, epifriedelinol, some sesquiterpene dilactones including dihydromikanolide, deoxymikanolide, mikanolide and scandenolide, three diterpenic acids known as kaurenic acid, butyryloxykaurenic acid and benzoyloxykaurenic acid, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterin, glucose, fructose and fumaric acid. A chlorinated germacranolide and mono-and di-epoxygermacranolides having one or two lactone rings have been isolated from the plant.

The plant is also a rich source of vitamins A and C, also contains vitamin B. (Ghani, 2003). Three new labdanic acid derivatives (I-III), two kaurenic acid derivatives (IV-V) and four new germacranolides (VI-IX) have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

  • Crushed leaves are applied to wounds for the treatment of cuts and wounds (Chakma).
  • Crushed fresh leaves are applied to cuts and wounds to stop hemorrhages (Khumi).
  • Crushed fresh leaves are applied to cuts and wound to stop bleeding (hemorrhage) (Bawm, Marma).
  • Leaves are very much beneficial in dysentery, gastric ulcers and to stop and cure hemorrhages from cut and bruises; they are also used for itches and poulticing wounds. Decoction of leaves is useful in dyspepsia.

Distribution:

Throughout Bangladesh, (noxious climbing weed).

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