Home >> Ethnobotany Plants - Part: M >> Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.

Synonyms: Croton philippensis Lam.

Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kamila, Tung, Kamalaguli, Sindur, Raini (Dhaka-Mymensingh), Rohini, Punag (Chittagong), Rora (Dinajpur), Kingur.

Tribal Name: Mounoajaya (Tanchangya), Nikhrow (Marma), Rora (Santal), Bol-thuthu (Garo), Salakjara (Chakma), Kuruar gach (Chakma).

English Name: Monkey Face Tree, Kamela.

Description of the Plant:

A small tree. Leaves simple, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers pale yellow, in terminal racemes. Capsule red, glandular.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruits contain a brick-red powder, called kamala, the chief constituent of which is a resin composed of rottlerin and isorottlerin. Rottlerin yields methyl-phloroglucin on treatment with hot caustic alkali. Kamala also contains a yellow crystalline substance, a yellow resin, a red resin, wax and traces of a volatile oil, sugar, tannin, oxalic and citric acids. Seed kernel yields a drying oil (Ghani, 2003). Heartwood contains betulin-3-acetate, lupeol, lupeol acetate, sitosterol and bergenin. Acetylaleuritolic acid, a-amyrin, sitosterol and bergenin have been isolated from bark (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Corotoxigenin and its rhamnoside, coroglaucigenin and its rhamnoside have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.

Mode of Uses:

  • A paste prepared from the leaves of Derris robusta, Grewia laevigata and bark of Mallotus phillippinensis is applied to affected areas for the treatment of wounded limbs (Chakma).
  • Hot leaf applied externally around the swelling joint for the treatment of joint pain and swelling (Marma).
  • The glands and hairs on the fruit are useful in ringworms and stone in the bladder. It is also used as an oral contraceptive.
  • The seeds are ground to a paste and applied to wounds and cuts.
  • The well ground root is rubbed on the painful parts in articular rheumatism.

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar Sylhet, Dinajpur. Also occur in village groves of Rajshahi, Dhaka and Mymensingh.

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