Synonyms: Croton philippensis Lam.
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kamila, Tung, Kamalaguli, Sindur, Raini (Dhaka-Mymensingh), Rohini, Punag (Chittagong), Rora (Dinajpur), Kingur.
Tribal Name: Mounoajaya (Tanchangya), Nikhrow (Marma), Rora (Santal), Bol-thuthu (Garo), Salakjara (Chakma), Kuruar gach (Chakma).
English Name: Monkey Face Tree, Kamela.
A small tree. Leaves simple, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers pale yellow, in terminal racemes. Capsule red, glandular.
Fruits contain a brick-red powder, called kamala, the chief constituent of which is a resin composed of rottlerin and isorottlerin. Rottlerin yields methyl-phloroglucin on treatment with hot caustic alkali. Kamala also contains a yellow crystalline substance, a yellow resin, a red resin, wax and traces of a volatile oil, sugar, tannin, oxalic and citric acids. Seed kernel yields a drying oil (Ghani, 2003). Heartwood contains betulin-3-acetate, lupeol, lupeol acetate, sitosterol and bergenin. Acetylaleuritolic acid, a-amyrin, sitosterol and bergenin have been isolated from bark (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Corotoxigenin and its rhamnoside, coroglaucigenin and its rhamnoside have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar Sylhet, Dinajpur. Also occur in village groves of Rajshahi, Dhaka and Mymensingh.
Return from Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.