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Magnolia champaca (L.)Baill.ex Pierre

Synonyms: Michelia champaca L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family
Duration: perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Champa, Chapa, Swarnachampa, Champa-sundi (Sylhet).

Tribal Name: Chika (Bawm), Bol-mnabat (Garo), Chechang (Khumi), Chenga (Mogh), Cham-paw (Murang).

English Name: Champak, Golden Champa, champakam, champaca, michelia.

Description of the Plant:

A medium-sized to large, evergreen or semideciduous tree, often with a conical crown. Leaves lanceolate, acute or acuminate.Flowers very fragrant, axillary solitary, yellow or orange. Fruit an aggregate of follicles, orbicular, woody.

Chemical Constituents:

Flowers contain essential oil 0.11% (Chopra et al., 1992). Bark contains alkaloids, ushinsunine, micheline B, oxoushinsunine, a tertiary monophenolic base, magnoflorine an unknown base, a yellow crystalline base, liriodenine and ß-sitosterol. Roots contain parthenolide (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

  • Timber is used for the construction of house, make spinning-wheel (Tribal name-thir), rice pot and pots for giving food to pigs (Bawm).
  • Timber is used as fuel and to prepare furniture and household materials (Khumi).
  • Juice of the leaves is given with honey in cases of colic. Flowers are taken in cough and rheumatism. Fruit is tonic, carminative (Murang).

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet, also planted as an ornamental and avenue tree throughout the country.

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