Synonyms: Michelia champaca L.
Family: Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Champa, Chapa, Swarnachampa, Champa-sundi (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Chika (Bawm), Bol-mnabat (Garo), Chechang (Khumi), Chenga (Mogh), Cham-paw (Murang).
English Name: Champak, Golden Champa, champakam, champaca, michelia.
A medium-sized to large, evergreen or semideciduous tree, often with a conical crown. Leaves lanceolate, acute or acuminate.Flowers very fragrant, axillary solitary, yellow or orange. Fruit an aggregate of follicles, orbicular, woody.
Flowers contain essential oil 0.11% (Chopra et al., 1992). Bark contains alkaloids, ushinsunine, micheline B, oxoushinsunine, a tertiary monophenolic base, magnoflorine an unknown base, a yellow crystalline base, liriodenine and ß-sitosterol. Roots contain parthenolide (Ghani, 2003).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet, also planted as an ornamental and avenue tree throughout the country.
Return from Magnolia champaca (L.)Baill.ex Pierre to Ethnobotany Plants profile.