Synonyms: Cucumis acutangulus L.
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Growth Habit: Vine, Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Jhinga, Jinga, Sataputi.
Tribal Name: Jhing-a (Chakma), Beyoi (Khumi), Khota-Shi (Marma), Pang Lai (Murang), Jhiya (Tanchangya).
English Name: Ribbed Gourd.
A large climber, with usually 3-fid tendrills. Leaves palmately 5-7 angled or sublobate.Flowers yellow, large; male flowers in axillary; female flowers solitary. Fruit clavate-oblong, tapering towards the base, longitudinally ribbed.
The plant contains a bitter substance luffin. Seeds contain 20% of a saponin glycoside, enzyme and a fixed oil (Chopra et al., 1992). Flowers and fruits contain free amino acids, arginine, glycine, threonine, lysine, alanine, asparagines, aspartic and glutamic acids and leucines. Ripe seeds contain bitter glycosidic principles, cucurbitacins B, D, G and H (luffins) and oleanolic acid; roots contain cucurbitacin B and traces of C (Ghani, 2003).
Luffa acutangula (L.)Roxb.
Cultivated all over the country.
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