Litsea laurifolia (Jacq.) F. M. Bailey
Sebifera glutinosa Lour.
Tetranthera laurifolia Jacq.
Litsea chinensis Lamb.
Litsea sebifera Pers.
Family: Lauraceae - Laurel family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kukurchita, Rattan, Garur, Karjiuki, Phulgach, Kugach, Maida lakri, Khuz Barela, Meda, Menda (Chittagong), Kharajora (Mymensingh), Phuhuri (Noakhali), Khagar (Dinajpur), Baslap, Menda (Rema-Kalenga), Paja
Tribal Name: Moner moton gaas, Sukujja gaas (Chakma), Kom gaas (Tanchangya), Paja (Santal)
English Name: Common Tallow Laurel.
A moderate sized tree. Leaves simple, elliptic-ovate, acute. Flowers pale yellow, in axillary pedunculate umbels.
Leaves and bark are rich in mucilage and contain an alkaloid, laurotetanine, which causes titanic spasm in animals. Leaves also contain amino acids, cystine, glycine, L-alanine, ß-alanine, valine, tyrosine, proline, phenylalanine and leucine. A new flavonoid - naringerin along with naringin, kaempferol-3- and 7-glucosides, quercetin and its 3-rhamnoside, pelargonidin-3-and 5-glucosides have also been isolated from leaves. Seeds yield fatty oil which is a rich source of lauric acid.
The essential oil of the fruits contains more than 40 compounds of which ß-ocimene occurs in high proportion. Other predominant ones include caryophyllene oxide and ß-caryophyllene. Two new alkaloids - sebiferine and litseferine have been isolated from trunk bark. Actinodaphnine, their N-methyl derivatives, boldine and norboldine have also been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Sylhet, Gazipur, Madhupur and Dinajpur.
Return from Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. B. Robinson to Ethnobotany Plants profile.