Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Chandumula, Humula
Tribal Name: Pramuii-kanneyei (Khumi), Ada kamala (Chakma), Miri Si Ga (Marma), Pa Sui (Marma)
English Name: Galanga
A stemless, small rhizomatous herb; rhizome tuberous, aromatic; root-fibres fleshy, cylindric. Leaves 2, spreading flat on the ground, rotund-ovate, deltoid-acuminate. Flowers white, 6-12 from the centre of the plant between the leaves. Lip broad, deeply 2-lobed, with a lilac spot at the base.
Leaves and flowers contain flavonoids having antiphlogistic, vitamin P activity etc. Root contains Et-p-MeO-trans-cinnamate as main compound (Asolkar et al., 1992). Rhizome is rich in protein, amino acids, minerals, sugars and lipids; also contains an essential oil, alkaloid, starch, gum and fatty matter (Ghani, 2003). P- methoxycinnamic acid and its methyl and ethyl esters have been isolated from essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Boiled in oil the tubers are externally applied to stoppages of the nasal organs. Tubers are also used as a hair wash in dandruff. The leaves are used in lotions and as a poultice for sore eyes, sore throat, swellings, rheumatism and fevers. Rhizome juice is applied by the Chakma of Rangamati district for toothache. In paralysis rhizome paste is applied on legs and arms. Rhizome paste is also applied on forehead in headache.
Forest floor of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sal forests of Dhaka and Sherpur.
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