Home >> Plants Profile: Part-K >> Kaempferia galanga L.

Kaempferia galanga L.

Group: Monocot
Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Chandumula, Humula

Tribal Name: Pramuii-kanneyei (Khumi), Ada kamala (Chakma), Miri Si Ga (Marma), Pa Sui (Marma)

English Name: Galanga

Description of the Plant:

A stemless, small rhizomatous herb; rhizome tuberous, aromatic; root-fibres fleshy, cylindric. Leaves 2, spreading flat on the ground, rotund-ovate, deltoid-acuminate. Flowers white, 6-12 from the centre of the plant between the leaves. Lip broad, deeply 2-lobed, with a lilac spot at the base.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and flowers contain flavonoids having antiphlogistic, vitamin P activity etc. Root contains Et-p-MeO-trans-cinnamate as main compound (Asolkar et al., 1992). Rhizome is rich in protein, amino acids, minerals, sugars and lipids; also contains an essential oil, alkaloid, starch, gum and fatty matter (Ghani, 2003). P- methoxycinnamic acid and its methyl and ethyl esters have been isolated from essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

  • An infusion of leaves is used to take bath of child children for good scent as like perfume (Khumi).
  • Used to flavoring curries (Chakma, Marma).

Boiled in oil the tubers are externally applied to stoppages of the nasal organs. Tubers are also used as a hair wash in dandruff. The leaves are used in lotions and as a poultice for sore eyes, sore throat, swellings, rheumatism and fevers. Rhizome juice is applied by the Chakma of Rangamati district for toothache. In paralysis rhizome paste is applied on legs and arms. Rhizome paste is also applied on forehead in headache.

Distribution:

Forest floor of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sal forests of Dhaka and Sherpur.


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