Synonyms: Gendarussa vulgaris Nees
Family: Acanthaceae - Acanthus family
Growth Habit: Undershrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Nilnishinda, Jagatmadan, Bishalla, Kalobasak (Rema-Kalenga).
Tribal Name: Aawe (Khumi).
An erect, slender undershrub. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate. Flowers white, spotted purple within, in interrupted spikes, from uppermost leaf axils and often forming terminal panicle.
Leaves contain a bitter and slightly toxic alkaloid, some aromatic amines and a-& ß sitosterol. Roots contain ß-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Paste prepared from leaf is applied to affected areas for the treatment of rheumatism and eczema (Khumi).
The leaves with the fruits of Piper nigrum is used in leucorrhoea. A decoction of the root boiled in milk is given in rheumatism, dysentery and jaundice.
Justicia gendarussa Burm.
Planted as a garden hedge.
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