Jatropha gossypiifolia var. staphysagrifolia (Mill.) Mull. Arg.
Jatropha staphysagrifolia Mill.
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Lal Bheranda, Laljeol, Erenda.
Tribal Name: Ley-abeowe(Khumi), Drulgriel (Bawm), Karachuni (Marma), Kander (Garo).
English Name: Bellyache-bush.
A small deciduous shrub with sucullent stem. Leaves palmately 3-5 lobed, purple; petiole clothed with numerous stipitate glands. Flowers small, red in terminal corymbose cymes. Fruit a capsule.
Leaves contain flavonoids, a saponin, a resin, tannin and triterpenes. They also contain flavonoids, vitexin, isovitexin and apigenin. Seeds contain fatty oil. Roots contain antileukemic and tumour-inhibitor macrocyclic diterpene, jatrophone and jatropholones A and B. Bark contains ß-sitosterol. Roots, stems and seeds contain arylnaphthalene lignan and the lignan prasanthaline. Cyclogossine, a cyclic heptapeptide, had been isolated from the latex of the plant. Stem contains a novel lignan, jatrodien (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
Chittagong, Dhaka and other districts, by the road sides and fallow lands.
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