Synonyms: Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp.
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bagh Verenda, Ban Verenda, Chanda, Jamalgota, Sadajeol, Baron, Arenda (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Tachiapan (Rakhaing), Tachiapan (Marma).
English Name: Barbados Nut, Physic Nut, Poison Nut.
Shrubs. Stem soft wooded with latex. Leaves alternate, pinnately lobed.Flowers in cymose panicles, yellowish green.Fruits capsules, triangular.Seeds brownish black. Frequent in hilly area.
Seeds contain a poisonous fixed oil with a disagreeable taste, which is more purgative than castor oil. The oil contains oleic, linoleic (27.2%), myristic, palmitic, stearic, arachidic acids. Glucose, arabinose, xylose and rhamnose have also been detected in seeds. Ash of seeds contains Ca, Mg, Na, K, and traces of P. They also contain a blood poison toxalbumin, curcin, caseine, dulcitol, ß-sitosterol and glucoside. Stem bark contain ß-amyrin, taraxerol and ß-sitosterol.
Leaves contain apigenin, vetexin, isovitexin, flavonoid glycosides a dimmer of a diterpene alcohol, a-amyrin, stigmasterol and stigmastenes, ß-sitosterol. ß-Sitosterol-ß-glucoside, 7-keto-ß-sitosterol, stigmast-5-en-3ß,7a-diol, stigmast-5-en-3ß,7ß-diol, campesterol and 1-triacontanol have also been isolated from the plant (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Jatropha curcas L.
Throughout the country, grown as a live fence in the villages.
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