Home >> Plants Profile: Part-J >> Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton

Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton

Synonyms: Nyctanthes sambac L.
Nyctanthes undulata L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Oleaceae - Olive family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine, Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Beli, Banmallika, Malshi, Mogra

Tribal Name: Mulipai (Chakma), Chioy, Goarung (Marma), Pra-Pang-Pao (Murang).

English Name: Arabian Jasmine, Sambac Jasmine, Tuscan Jasmine.

Description of the Plant:

An ever green shrub erect or somewhat climbing. Leaves simple, opposite, usually ovate, even orbicular. Flowers white, very fragrant in axillary, solitary or 3-flowered cymes. Carpels black.

Chemical Constituents:

Flowers yield an essential oil rich in linalool, benzyl acetate, cis-jasmone and sesquiterpene. Indole, pyridine and nicotine derivatives have been reported in this plant. Tetrameric iridoid glycoside, sambacosides A, E and F, are present in the leaves. The glycosides, ß-primeveroside and ß-rutinoside, have been isolated from the flower buds (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

  • In khagrachari leaves are used for menstrual disorders (Chakma).
  • Extract prepared from Stem taken twice a day untill cured to treat asthma. A paste of the leaves and stem is applied, in addition paste of leaves is taken for the treatment of intussusception (Marma).
  • Flower paste is applied to skin disease. Extract of young leaves is taken to treat menstrual disorder. It is also planted as ornamental (Murang).

Distribution:

Commonly cultivated in gardens.


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