Home >> Ethnobotany Plants - Part: I >> Ixora coccinea L.

Ixora coccinea L.

Synonyms: Ixora bandhuca Roxb.
Ixora fraseri hort. ex Gentil
Ixora incarnata (Blume) DC.
Ixora lutea Hutch.

Group: Dicot
Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Rangan, Ranjan.

Tribal Name: Kathangpo (Khumi), Kaya Machaoi (Marma), Shan-Kran-paw (Murang).

English Name: Jungle-flame lxora, Flame of the Woods, Jungle Geranium.

Description of the Plant:

A much branched shrub. Leaves coriaceous, sessile or subsessile, oblong, obtuse.Flowers numerous, bright scarlet, in sessile, corymbiform, dense-flowered cymes. Fruit globose, fleshy, size of a pea

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves have been reported to contain phastoquinones A, B and C and tocopherylquinone. Roots contain acrid aromatic oil, azelic, oxalic and hepfoic acids, tannins and fatty acids. Root bark contains mannitol, 9, 11-octa-decadeinoic and myristic acids. The root oil has been reported to contain palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids.

A yellow colouring matter related to quercetin, an astringent principle, a wax and a neutral crystalline substance have been isolated from the flowers (Ghani, 2003). A mixture of monoglycosides of cyanidin and delphinidin also have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Ixora coccinea L.

Ixora coccinea L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Planted in home garden as ornamental (Khumi).
  • Root extract is taken to treat stomach pain, fever, diarrhoea and dysentery. The flowers are used in the treatment of leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea.
  • Paste prepared from the leaves istaken in diarrhoea. Root extract is used to treat pyrrhoea. Also planted as ornamental in home gardens (Murang).

Distribution:

Cultivated in gardens throughout Bangladesh.

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