Synonyms: Ixora bandhuca Roxb.
Ixora fraseri hort. ex Gentil
Ixora incarnata (Blume) DC.
Ixora lutea Hutch.
Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Rangan, Ranjan.
Tribal Name: Kathangpo (Khumi), Kaya Machaoi (Marma), Shan-Kran-paw (Murang).
English Name: Jungle-flame lxora, Flame of the Woods, Jungle Geranium.
A much branched shrub. Leaves coriaceous, sessile or subsessile, oblong, obtuse.Flowers numerous, bright scarlet, in sessile, corymbiform, dense-flowered cymes. Fruit globose, fleshy, size of a pea
Leaves have been reported to contain phastoquinones A, B and C and tocopherylquinone. Roots contain acrid aromatic oil, azelic, oxalic and hepfoic acids, tannins and fatty acids. Root bark contains mannitol, 9, 11-octa-decadeinoic and myristic acids. The root oil has been reported to contain palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids.
A yellow colouring matter related to quercetin, an astringent principle, a wax and a neutral crystalline substance have been isolated from the flowers (Ghani, 2003). A mixture of monoglycosides of cyanidin and delphinidin also have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Ixora coccinea L.
Cultivated in gardens throughout Bangladesh.
Return from Ixora coccinea L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.