Balsamina foemina Gaertn.
Impatiens giorgii De Wild.
Family: Balsaminaceae - Touch-me-not family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Dupati, Dopatta.
Tribal Name: Thetra (Khumi), Che-pan (Murang).
English Name: Garden Balsam.
An ornamental annual herb. Leaves lanceolate, acuminate, deeply serrate. Flowers large, axillary, showy, of various colours.Capsules spindle-shaped, tomentose.
Flowers contain flavonoid pigments anthocyanins and 2-hydroxy-1,4-napththoquinone. Seeds contain a viscous oil a-amyrin, a-spinasterol, balsaminasterol and an anthraquinone glycoside. Stems and roots contain cyanidin monoglycoside. An apigenin derivative has also been isolated from this plant. The antibiotic principle present in the flowers has been identified as 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (Ghani, 2003). Seeds also contain ß-sitosterol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout the country.
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