Synonyms: Ballota suaveolens L.
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Tokma, Ganja Tulsi, Bilati Tulsi, Kusmai (Rema-Kalenga)
Tribal Name: Janguli jangol, Chongadana, Thomma (Chakma), Ky-sy-sheiyprang (Khumi), Sikalma, Chang Kasey (Marma), Moran lumia (Murang), Thukma (Tanchangya).
English Name: Horehound, Pignut, Wild spikenard.
A tall, coarse, aromatic, annual herb with 4 angled stems. Leaves ovate, sinuate and crenate-denticulate, hairy.Flowers small, blue in axillary racemiform cymes or cymes collected into thyrsiform almost leafless panicles. Nutlets compressed ovoid, oblong.
Leaves twigs and flowers yield an essential oil containing ß-caryophyllens, cineol, terpenol, a-bergamotene, sabinene, menthol, l-sabinene, d-limonene and azulenic sesquiterpenes. Leaves and flowers also contain campesterol and fucosterol. Seeds contain anti-A haemagglutinin (Ghani, 2003).
Roots contain ß-sitosterol, oleanolic and a-peltoboykinolic acids (Asolkar et al., 1992). Two new diterpenes suaveolic acid and suaveolol have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Hyptis suaveolens (L.)Poit.
Plenty in Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts, also in fallow lands of other areas.
Return from Hyptis suaveolens (L.)Poit. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.