Family: Malvaceae - Mallow family
Duration: Annual, Biennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Lalmesta, Mesta, Patwa, Kharapata (Chittagong)
Tribal Name: Puyng - shi, Un thun Sung Krak (Bawm), Amile (Chakma), Aangtho (Khumi), Jang Gri Se (Marma), Kan Sur Ka (Murang), Mukhroi bathai (Tripura).
English Name: Indian Sorrel, Jamaica Sorrel, Natal Sorrel, Red Sorrel, Rosella, Rozelle Hemp.
An erect shrubby annual with red stem and branches. Leaves cuneate at the base, usually 3-5 lobed; lobes lanceolate or oblong, serrate.Flowers large, purple with darker centre, axillary, solitary.Capsules ovoid, beaked, hairy.
The fruits, leaves and stems contain d-malic acid. Leaves contain sitosterol- ß-D-galactoside. High concentration of hibiscic acid, flavonoid and heterosides have been isolated from flower (Asolkar et al., 1992). Extract of flowers contain reducing sugars, glycosides, acids, an alkaloid and resins. New glycoside gossytrin have been isolated from flower petals. Seeds contain cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, ß-sitosterol, a-spinasterol and ergosterol.
Gossypetin-7-glucoside, 8-glucoside, cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside and cyaniding-3(2'-glucosyl-rutnoside); delphinidin-3-sambubioside (canabinin), delphinidin-3-glucoside (myrtillin), cyaniding-3-sambubioside and cyanidin-3-glucoside have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
Cultivated throughout the country.
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