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Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Malvaceae - Mallow family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Jaba, Daru, Raktajaba.

Tribal Name: Sweeli (Khumi), Hindu Ma-pangi (Marma), Run-Pao (Murang), Nepe (Rakhaing), Ulphul (Tanchangya), Joba (Tripura).

English Name: Shoe flower, China rose.

Description of the Plant:

An ornamental shrub or small tree. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, more or less acuminate, irregularly and coarsely serrate towards the top.Flowers large, axillary solitary; corolla tubular below, red.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and stems contain ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, taraxeryl acetate and three cyclopropane compounds and their derivatives. Flowers contain cyanidin diglucoside, flavonoids and vitamins, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid (Ghani, 2003). Quercetin-3-diglucoside, 3,7-diglucoside, cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside and cyanidin-3-sophoroside-5-glucoside have been isolated from deep yellow flowers; all above compounds and kaempferol-3-xylosylglucoside have been isolated from ivory white flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Juice of the flower with juice of banana inflorescence cures acute dysentery. Flower with leaves of Adhatoda zeylanica is very much beneficial in bleeding piles. Flowers fried in ghee is given in menorrhagia; also used in diseases of the genito-urinary tract (Chakma).
  • Planted in home garden as ornamental (Khumi).
  • Marma tribe in Chittagong Hill Tracts use to administer decoction of the flower with green betel nut to regulate menstrual cycle. Fresh flowers are mecerated and mixed with water is taken to cure scanty menstruation.
  • Leaf and flower extract is taken for nousea and other abdominal ailment. Flower is used as ear ring (Murang).
  • Pills prepared from paste of leaves are taken thrice daily for the treatment of puerperal fever (Tanchangya).
  • Paste prepared from leaf and flower mixed with sugar applied in boils until cured (Rakhaing).
  • Paste prepared from flower, taken one tea spoonful twice-thrice daily for seven days to treat leucorrhoea. In addition flower is used to offer to the god during puja [religious prayer] (Tripura).

Distribution:

Cultivated in gardens and homestead.

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