Home >> Plants Profile: Part - H >> Hibiscus canabinus L.

Hibiscus canabinus L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Malvaceae - Mallow family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bengali/vernacular name: Ambri, Chandana, Mestapat, Nalita, Patsan, Pulu.

Tribal Name: Kan Sur Ka (Murang); Sada kharo pata (Tanchangya).

English Name: Ambari hemp, Bastard jute, Bimlipatam jute, Bombay hemp, Deccan hemp, Hemp bendy.

Description of the Plant:

A tall, erect, shrub with prickly stems. Leaves 5 cm across, roundish-ovate at base of the stem, the upper deeply palmately 3-5 lobed; lobes narrow-lanceolate serrate, petioles 3.8-5 cm long, sometimes prickly.Flowers large, axillary, solitary, yellow with purple centre.Capsules ovoid, beaked, very hairy.

Chemical constituents:

Limonene, phellandrene, a-terpenyl acetate, citral and p-tolualdehyde have been isolated from leaves, fruits and seeds of Egyptian plant. Seeds also contain 19% fatty oil. Leaves contain n-triacontane, n-tetracosane, n-pentacosane, n-hentriacontane, n- dotriacontane, n-tritriacontane, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol; protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, kaempferol-3,7-O-a-L-dirhamnofuranoside; hexacosane, heptacosane, octacosane, nonacosane, triacontane, hentriacontane, dotriacontane, tetratriacontane, pentatriacontane, hexatriacontane, heptatriacontane, tetracontane, hentacontane, hexacosanol, octacosanol, triacontanol, dotriacontanol and lignoceric, cerotic, montanic and melissic acids.

Leaves also contain 5 flavonoid, glycosides, including rutin and isoquercitrin; kaempferol derivative; polyphenols.Flowers contain anthocyanin – cannabinidin, cannabinin, myrtillin, myricetin-3´-a-D-glucoside. Cyclohexanol, fructose, glucose, sucrose and mannose along with an unidentified polyhydroxysteroid, and steroid glycoside have also been isolated from the plant. Plant also contains Vitamin B6, 0.18 mg/100g edible portion (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Mode of Uses:

Leaf extract is taken to treat dysentery (Murang).

Infusion of the leaves is administered in cough. Flower juice with sugar and black pepper is a popular remedy for biliousness with acidity(Tanchangya).

Distribution:

Cultivated in different parts of the country and in jhum of Hill Tracts.

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