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Heliotropium indicum L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Boraginaceae - Borage family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Hatisur (Bangla).

Tribal Name: Etusure (Chakma), Maha-tala (Khumi), Si Mar Hong; Paaida, Chaonamo ban (Marma), Shong-un-maa (Murang), Hatisur (Tripura).

English Name: Heliotrope.

Description of the Plant:

A coarse somewhat succulent, annual with stout stem and ascending branches, more or less densely hirsute. Leaves ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, hairy.Flowers small, pale violet, numerous, sessile, 2-ranked, in simple or rarely forked, usually with extra-axillary spikes.

Chemical Constituents:

Aerial parts contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, indicine (principal), echinitine, supinine, heleurine, heliotrine, lasiocarpine, its N-oxide, acetyl indicine, indicinine and anti-tumour alkaloid, indicine-N-oxide. The plant also contains rapanone and lupeol and an ester of retronecine. Roots contain high amount of estradiol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Heliotropium indicum L.

Heliotropium indicum L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Paste prepared from leaves is applied in ringworm. Decoction of leaves is taken in fevers and urticaria. Decoction of the roots is taken to treat coughs and fevers (Chakma).
  • Necklace prepared from nine flowers with a thread round the neck of frightened child for remedy phobia. Root extract is taken for curing disease of child (Khumi).
  • Paste prepared form flower is mixed with black pepper is applied to boils (Marma).
  • Leaves rubbed on stone and the paste massage to belly for abdominal pain (Murang).
  • Paste prepared from leaf, taken three or four tea spoonfuls twice daily for two days by the Tripura for the treatment of urinary tract infection and impotence.

Distribution:

Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.

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