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Heliotropium indicum L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Boraginaceae - Borage family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Hatisur (Bangla).

Tribal Name: Etusure (Chakma), Maha-tala (Khumi), Si Mar Hong; Paaida, Chaonamo ban (Marma), Shong-un-maa (Murang), Hatisur (Tripura).

English Name: Heliotrope.

Description of the Plant:

A coarse somewhat succulent, annual with stout stem and ascending branches, more or less densely hirsute. Leaves ovate or ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, hairy.Flowers small, pale violet, numerous, sessile, 2-ranked, in simple or rarely forked, usually with extra-axillary spikes.

Chemical Constituents:

Aerial parts contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, indicine (principal), echinitine, supinine, heleurine, heliotrine, lasiocarpine, its N-oxide, acetyl indicine, indicinine and anti-tumour alkaloid, indicine-N-oxide. The plant also contains rapanone and lupeol and an ester of retronecine. Roots contain high amount of estradiol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Heliotropium indicum L.

Heliotropium indicum L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Paste prepared from leaves is applied in ringworm. Decoction of leaves is taken in fevers and urticaria. Decoction of the roots is taken to treat coughs and fevers (Chakma).
  • Necklace prepared from nine flowers with a thread round the neck of frightened child for remedy phobia. Root extract is taken for curing disease of child (Khumi).
  • Paste prepared form flower is mixed with black pepper is applied to boils (Marma).
  • Leaves rubbed on stone and the paste massage to belly for abdominal pain (Murang).
  • Paste prepared from leaf, taken three or four tea spoonfuls twice daily for two days by the Tripura for the treatment of urinary tract infection and impotence.


Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.

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