Home >> Plants Profile: Part-G >> Gomphrena globosa L.

Gomphrena globosa L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Amaranthaceae - Amaranth family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Botam phul, Gulmakhamal, Golkamal.

Tribal Name: Sikaming (Marma), Ching ring- Pao (Murang).

English Name: Globe Amaranth, Bachelor's Buttonhole.

Description of the Plant:

A dichotomously branched annual herb, branches hairy or subsilky. Leaves subsessile, elliptic or obovate-oblong, acute or obtuse.Heads pinkish purple, globose with 2 leafy bracts, peduncled, terminating the branches.

Chemical Constituents:

The plant chiefly contains flavones and flavonoids glycoside, gomphrenol. Flowers contain ß-cyanins, gomphrenin I, II and III (Ghani, 2003). A new methylenedioxyflavonol-gomphrenol has been isolated from leaves infected with tomato bushy stunt virus (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

  • The stem crushed using a stone is taken for the treatment of vomiting during fever (Marma).
  • Infusion of the flower head is used for children suffering from oliguria, heat and empacho. Leaf tea is used for hypertension, cough and diabetes.
  • Whole plant is cooked as vegetables (Murang).

Distribution:

Cultivated throughout the country.

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