Home >> Plants Profile: Part-G >> Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Group: Dicot
Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gamari, Gamar, Gamri, Joginichakra (Mymensingh), Gambar.

Tribal Name: Gambhar, Bol-kobak (Garo), Ramani (Mogh), Remeniba (Marma), Gamber (Chakma), Gamari Gaith (Tanchangya), Gamari gaas (Tanchangya), Aabbey (Khumi).

English Name: Chandahar Tree, Cashmere Tree, Comb Teak, White Teak.

Description of the Plant:

A moderate-sized tree. Leaves simple, deltoid-ovate, acuminate, fulvous tomentose beneath. Flowers yellow, in terminal racemes. Drupes ovoid, orange-yellow.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain alkaloids and luteolin, apigenin, quercetin, hentriacontanol, ß-sitosterol, quercetogenin and other flavonoids. Roots contain a viscid oil, resin, alkaloids and also gmelinol, hentriacontanol, ceryl alcohol, octacosanol, ß-sitosterol and a sesquiterpene; cadinane type furanosesquiterpene, gmelofuran. An apiose-containing coumarin, apiossylskimmin was isolated from the roots.

Heartwood contains ceryl alcohol, ß-sitosterol, n-octacosanol, gmelinol and a number of other lignans including arborone, oxodihydrogmelinol, arboreal, bromo-isoarboreol; gmelanone, dihydroxysesamin (gummadiol) etc. and 4-epigummodiol glucoside. Fruits are reported to contain butyric and tartaric acids (Ghani, 2003). A new lignan, arboreol has been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Mode of Uses:

  • A bark extract is taken with sugar thrice daily for the treatment of jaundice (Tanchangya).
  • Bark extract is taken for the treatment of fever (Khumi).
  • Juice of the young leaves is used as a demulcent in gonorrhoea and cough. Roots are used for the treatment of septic wounds.

Distribution:

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka, Mymensingh and also planted all over the country.

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