Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) A. DC.
Glycosmis cochinchinensis Pierre ex Engler
Family: Rutaceae - Rue family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ashshaora, Datmajan, Matmati, Kawatuti, Aidali, Fatik, Ban Jamir, Motkila (Comilla).
Tribal Name: Hotiggira (Chakma), Si Ma Sere, Tatiang (Marma), Hom plouram (Murang).
English Name: Toothbrush Plant, Motar tree.
An evergreen shrub. Leaves alternate, 3-7 foliolate, up to 18 cm long; leaflets 7.5-18 cm long, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, aromatic when crushed. Flowers small, yellowish in terminal softly pubescent panicles, 10-30 cm long.Berry 1-1.8 cm long, ovoid, pale orange when ripe.
Air dried plant material yielded two furoquinoline bases, kokusaginine and skimmianine. Other alkaloids reported from the leaves include glycosine, arborine, glycosminine, arborinine (major), glycosamine, glycorine, glycosmicine and ?-fagarine. They also contain the triterpenes, arbinol and isoarbinol, arborinone, two isomeric terpene alcohols, myricyl alcohol, stigmasterol and ß-sitosterol. Roots contain the carbazole alkaloids, glycozolicine, 3-formylcarbazole, glycosinine, glycozoline, glycozolidine, skimmianine, ?-fagarine and dictamine.
Stems contain arborinine; other minor alkaloids also occur in this plant. The alkaloids arborine, arbornine, skimmianine, glycorine, glycophymine, glycophymoline, glycosmicine and glycomide have been isolated from the flowers. Glycoric acid has been isolated from the methanolic extract of the plant (Ghani, 2003).
Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) A. DC.
All over the country in the village thickets, roadsides and jungles.
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