Clinostylis speciosa Hochst., Gloriosa abyssinica A. Rich.
Gloriosa homblei De Wild., Gloriosa hybr.
Gloriosa rothschildiana O'Brien, Gloriosa simplex auct.
Gloriosa speciosa (Hochst.) Engl., Gloriosa virescens Lindl.
Family: Liliaceae - Lily family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ulatchandal, Bishlanguli, Bilambuli, Agnishikha.
Tribal Name: Kase-ei-king (Khumi).
English Name: Malabar Glory Lily, Superb Lily.
A herbaceous glabrous branching climber. Leaves sessileovate-lanceolate, acuminate, ending in a cirrhate tip. Flowers large, axillary, solitary; petals linear-lanceolate with crispy waved margins, greenish at first, then yellow. Capsules oblong, 3-lobed.
Tubers, seeds and flowers contain the alkaloid, colchicines, as the major constituent. They also contain a number of colchicines derivatives, neutral phenolic substances, luteolin, ß-sitosterol, its glucosides, ß-& ?-lumicolchicines, 2-OH-6-MeO benzoic acid, N-formyldeacetylcolchine, 3-dimethylcolchicine, 2-demethylcolchicine and glucosides of 3- demethylcolchicine. Leaves contain chelidonic acid, colchicines, dimethyl colchicine, N-formyldeacetylcolchincine and lumi-colchicine. Bulbs and seeds also contain colchicine and related alkaloids (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Gloriosa superba L.
Planted in home garden as ornamental (Khumi).
Sometimes used for promoting labour pains. Starch obtained from the tubers is given internally in gonorrhoea. Flower is useful for fever and thirst. Leaf juice is used to destroy lice in the hair.
Chittagong and some other district (rare).
Return from Gloriosa superba L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.