Synonyms: Garcinia pictoria (Roxb.) Engl.
Garcinia tinctoria (DC.) W. Wight
Xanthochymus pictorius Roxb.
Xanthochymus tinctorius DC.
Family: Clusiaceae - Mangosteen family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Dephal, Dambel, Tamal
Tribal Name: Dem-gola (Chakma), Aruak (Garo)
English Name: Garcinia
Evergreen trees. Leaves large. Very coriaceous opposite, liner, oblong. Flowers polygamous, solitary male flowers fascicled shortly pedicelled. Fruits berry, like rind leathery, green in colour. Turning golden yellow when it is ripen.
Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. ex T. Anderson
Xanthochymol, isoxanthochymol, cambogin, volkensiflavone, morelloflavone, biflavones GB-1 and GB-1a, maclurin, 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,7-dihydroxyxanthone have been isolated from fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Golden yellow fruits with a yellow juicy and acidic pulp usually containing two seeds. Flavor is quite tasty and a bit sour, ripe fruits can be eaten flesh. It is also used in making jams, can be used as a substitute for tamarind in cooking(Dinajpur).
A sharbot (beverage) made with "Amsul" (sun-dried slices of the fruit), with a little rock-salt, pepper, cumin, ginger and sugar, is administered in bilious conditions.
Forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar.
Return from Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. ex T. Anderson to Ethnobotany Database Homepage