Family: Clusiaceae - Mangosteen family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kau, Cowa, Kaglichu, Kao-gola (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Kao-gula (Chakma, Tanchangya), Aangtrisabuee (Khumi), Tah Gala (Marma), Mang-tong (Murang), Kok Shomroi (Tripura).
English Name: Cow Tree
A medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves broadly to elliptically lanceolate, acuminate. Flower rather small, yellow; the male ones smaller in dense terminal clusters; the females larger, solitary or by 3-5 at the end of the branchlets. Berry the size of a lime, slightly 6-8 lobed, dul red, somewhat depressed at the apex.
Fruit pericarp is composed of a fat and the seeds yield a wax-like fat consisting of glycerides of stearic, oleic, palmitic, linoleic and myristic acids. Bark contains a gum resin (Ghani, 2003). A new compound 1,3,6-Trihydroxy-7-methoxy-8-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-xanthone has been isolated from stems (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Garcinia cowa Roxb.
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.
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