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Garcinia cowa Roxb.

Group: Dicot
Family: Clusiaceae - Mangosteen family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kau, Cowa, Kaglichu, Kao-gola (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Kao-gula (Chakma, Tanchangya), Aangtrisabuee (Khumi), Tah Gala (Marma), Mang-tong (Murang), Kok Shomroi (Tripura).

English Name: Cow Tree

Description of the Plant:

A medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves broadly to elliptically lanceolate, acuminate. Flower rather small, yellow; the male ones smaller in dense terminal clusters; the females larger, solitary or by 3-5 at the end of the branchlets. Berry the size of a lime, slightly 6-8 lobed, dul red, somewhat depressed at the apex.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruit pericarp is composed of a fat and the seeds yield a wax-like fat consisting of glycerides of stearic, oleic, palmitic, linoleic and myristic acids. Bark contains a gum resin (Ghani, 2003). A new compound 1,3,6-Trihydroxy-7-methoxy-8-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-xanthone has been isolated from stems (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Garcinia cowa Roxb.

Garcinia cowa Roxb.

Mode of Uses:

  • Ripe fruits are edible, sour in taste, uncomfortable feeling in the mouth due to stick juice (Chakma).
  • Ripe fruits are eaten, sour in taste (Khumi).
  • Fruit is eaten when the dog is beaten by snake; the affected dog placed in a piece of leaves and also covered with leaves as the treatment (Murang).
  • Fruits are given in headache. Sun-dried slices of the fruits are used in dysentery (Tripura).


Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.

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