Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. ex Willd.
Stigmarota jangomas Lour.
Family: Flacourtiaceae - Flacourtia family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Paniala, Paniamala, Lukluki, Tokroi (Sylhet), Painnagola (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Riamcha (Bawm), Painnya gula (Chakma), Thingrong (Khumi), Tamagry,Ne-Re-Shi (Marma), Puincha (Murang), Khoro gola (Rakhaing), Painna Mola (Tripura).
English Name: Many spiked Flacortia, Paneal-plum, Indian-plum
A small deciduous tree often armed with stout, compound thorns on the main trunk and branches with simple spines. Leaves oblong or ovate, acuminate, crenate-serrate, glabrous.Flowers small, in glabrous few-flowered racemes.Fruits obovoid, brownish purple when ripe.
Bark principally contains tannins. Leaves and young shoots are also rich in tannins. Fruits contain soluble carbohydrates, fats (containing palmitic, hexadecadienolic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids), minerals, ascorbic and tartaric acids, proteins, amino acids and phenolic compounds (Ghani, 2003).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet. Also found in village shrubberies.
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