Home >> Plants Profile: Part-F >> Ficus hispida L.f.

Ficus hispida L.f.

Group: Dicot
Family: Moraceae - Mulberry family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kakdumur, Khoksha-dumur, Dumur, Dhungri, Thoska.

Tribal Name: Dhumur gula(Chakma), Fah shai ba (Marma), Luhuk, Luhut clang (Murang), Tammang gaas (Tanchangya), Thainjang (Tripura).

Description of the Plant:

A very hispid small deciduous tree. Leaves membranous, ovate, oblong or sub obovate, apiculate or shortly and abruptly acuminate, the lower surface hispid-pubescent, the upper hispid-scabrid.Receptacles turbinate, obovoid or subpyriform, hispid, yellowish when ripe.

Chemical Constituents:

Bark contains tannins and saponin glycosides. Leaves contain bergapten, psoralen, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol. Fruits contain protein, ascorbic acid, carbohydrates and minerals.

Ficus hispida L.f.

Ficus hispida L.f.

The plant also contains 10-keto-tetracosylarachidate. Hydrocarbons present on the leaf surface have also been studied (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

Ficus hispida L.f.
  • Receptacles are eaten (Chakma, Tripura, Marma, Bawm).
  • Root juice along with rice-soaked water is given to stop bleeding (Marma).
  • Fruits are taken to reduce blood pressure (Murang).
  • Leaf extract is taken, and a paste of the leaves applied to the whole body, for the treatment of hysteria (Tanchangya).
  • Marma give root juice along with rice-soaked water. Fruits are used by the tribal of Khagrachari to reduce blood pressure.

Distribution:

Very common throughout Bangladesh in homestead and village thickets.

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