Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
Euphorbia pilulifera L.
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bara Keru, Ghaopata, Bara Dhudi, Dudhiya, Barakarni.
Tribal Name: Dudhia (Rakhaing), Dutta ludi (Chakma), Abu kantey akua (Tripura), Labeng-aaowi-asi (Khumi), Chinu (Marma), Noma (Marma), Sai Ma Mungye (Marma), Dudal (Garo).
English Name: Australian Asthma Herb, Pil-bearing Spurge, Snake-weed.
Mostly monoecious herbs that are further characterized by the frequent occurrence of milky sap. Leaves are mostly alternate but may be opposite or whorled and they are simple, or compound. Flowers are unisexual and usually actinomorphic. Fruit is usually a capsular schizocarp. Common in side of the road.
The plant contains flavonoids, terpenoids, alkanes, phenolic acids, shikimic acid and choline. Aerial parts contain latex, a toxic glycoside, an alkaloid, choline, shikimic acid, l-inositol, sugars. It also contains tannins of the pyrogallol group and flavonoids, quercetin, quercitol, taraxerol, leucocyanindin, cyanidol, ß-amyrin, friedelin, triacontane, l-hexacosanol, methtyl nacyclo-artenol, tenol, cycloartenol and ß-sitosterol, euphorbol, hexacosonate, ß-amyrin acetate, tinyatoxin, two derivatives of deoxyphorbol actetate and ingenol triacetate.
Stems have been reported to contain phorbol esters, hentriacontane, myricyl alcohol, triterpenes, sterols and flowers contain gallic acid. Roots contain ingenol triacetate, two derivatives of deoxyphorbol acetate and taraxerone (Ghani, 2003). The plant also contains leucocyanidol, camphol, quercitrin and quercitol derivatives containing rhamnose and chlorophenolic acid (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Euphorbia hirta L.
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
Return from Euphorbia hirta L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.