Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Tiktasij, Nerasij, Bojbaran, Sibgach.
Tribal Name: Ji Jong Ba (Marma), Philurut (Murang).
English Name: Cactus.
A large shrub or small, spinous tree, 4.5-9 m high, with white latex; branches numerous curving upwards, stout, fleshy, green, jointed, with 3-5 wide thick sinuate wings. Leaves small, 6-13 mm long, subsessile, obovate-oblong, fleshy, soon deciduous; stipular spines short, divaricate. Involucres hemispherical, yellow, 3-nate, forming small pedunculate cymes in the sinuses, the central flower sessile, female.
Latex present in branches contains ß-amyrin, cycloartenol, euphol, euphadienol and euphorbol. Juice contains diterpene esters, euphorbin. Stem-bark and latex contain triterpenoids, taraxerol and taraxerone, friedelanol and epi-friedelanol, euphol. Roots also contain taraxerol. (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Latex of the branches is drastic purgative; used in rheumatism, toothache (Marma).
Leaf paste is applied in earache (Murang).
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
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