Achasma linguiforme (Roxb.) Loesen.
Amomum limguiforme (Roxb.) Baker
Family: Zingiberaceae - Ginger family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Tera (Chittagong)
Tribal Name: Kom Hing (Murang), Pynuei (Khumi)
A tall, leafy, perennial herb, with stout, copiously stoloniferous aromatic rhizome. Leaves oblong, lanceolate, glabrous. Spikes red, oblong, narrowed at both ends, few-flowered, submerged mostly in the soil. Lip of the flower oblong, bright red and yellow, deflexed, folded below the middle.
Fresh leaves contain 0.15% essential oil, composed of about 39 compoments; majors are eucalyptol (39.69%), ß-pinene (13.34%), a-pinene (7.80%), linalool (7.39%), ß-elemene, a- selinene, ß-terpinyl acetate, a-phellandrene and juniper camphor. Fresh rhizome contains 0.4% essential oil with Fennel like smell, composed of about 19 components; majors are methyl chevicol (49.93%), methyl eugenol (32.3%), ß-pinene, asarone, eucalyptol and a-pinene (Yusuf, 1999).
Hill forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Moulvi Bazar.
Return from Etlingera linguiformis (Roxb.) R.M. Smith to Ethnobotany Plants profile.