Home >> Plants Profile: Part-E >> Enhydra fluctuans Lour.

Enhydra fluctuans Lour.

Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Aquatic herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Helencha, Hinchashak, Harhach

Tribal Name: Rohaakhone (Marma), Codirum (Rakhaing), Anlonchi(Chakma)

English Name: Water Cress, Marsh Herb

Description of the Plant:

Aquatic herbs. Rooting at nodes. Internodes hollow. Leaves opposite, linear-oblong, truncate. Flowers in heads, yellow. Fruits achenes, laterally compressed. Frequent in marshy land.

Chemical Constituents:

Plant is rich in protein and is a good source of ß-carotene. It also contains saponins, myricyl alcohol, kaurol, cholesterol, sitosterol, glucoside, sesquiterpene lactones including germacranolide, enhydrin, fluctuanin and fluctuandin, a number of diterpenoid acids and their isovalerate and angelate derivatives, stigmasterol, cholesterol, sitosterol, glucoside, other steroids and gibberellins A9 and A13. have been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

Extract prepared from whole plant and filtrated extract taken for the treatment of liver blister and paste prepared from leaf applied to treat fever blister (Marma).

Boil the whole plant and extract is prepared, taken twice daily as patient can until cured for the treatment of hand and leg swelling (Rakhaing).

Leaves and young shoots are eaten as leafy vegetable(Chakma, Marma).

Leaf paste is applied over head as a cooling agent and around the inflamed Brest to reduce inflammation.


Throughout Bangladesh in ponds, swamps and streams.

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