Family: Myrsinaceae - Myrsine family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Biranga, Bhaibiranga
Tribal Name: Long dhama shak (Chakma), Mahaka (Khumi)
A scandent or scrambling shrub; stem warty, spinescent. Leaves glabrous with scattered reddish gland.Flowers greenish-yellow, small, numerous, in terminal or axillary lax panicles. Fruits black, succulent.
The chief active constituent of the fruits (berries) is a hydroquinone, embelin (2,5-dihydorxy-3-lauryl-p-benzoquinone), a dimmer of embelin, vilangin. They also contain embolic acid, volatile and fixed oils, colouring matter, tannin, resin and an alkaloid, christembine (Ghani, 2003).
An infusion of the leaves is taken for the treatment of jaundice (Chakma).
Root extract with water is taken at night in constipation (Khumi).
Decoction of the root is a very effective medicine against influenza and the infusion is effective against cough and diarrhoea. An infusion of the leaves is taken by Chakma of Chittagong Hill Tracts for the cure of jaundice.
Evergreen forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.
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