Home >> Plants Profile: Part-E >> Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn) K. Schum.

Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn) K. Schum.

Group: Dicot
Family: Elaeocarpaceae - Elaeocarpus family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Rudrakkha, Rudrakhia; Ludrai (Sylhet).

Tribal Name: Dubichi (Chakma), Ludrak (Garo), Rop- one- cly (Murang).

English Name: Bead Tree.

Description of the Plant:

A tall evergreen tree, usually butressed at the base. Leaves 10-15 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, obscurely and irregularly crenate-serrate or subentire. Racemes 5-7.5 cm long, from the old wood; flowers small, petals 8 mm long, oblong, laciniate about half way down, ciliolate. Drupes 1.3-2 cm diam., globose or somewhat obovoid, purple.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain different types of alkaloids including 7 isomeric form of elaeocarpiline, elaeocarpidine, dl-élaeocarpine, quercetin, gallic acid, ellagic acid, rudrakine etc. (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Mode of Uses:

Fruit juice is carminative (Murang).

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet.

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