Family: Elaeocarpaceae - Elaeocarpus family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Rudrakkha, Rudrakhia; Ludrai (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Dubichi (Chakma), Ludrak (Garo), Rop- one- cly (Murang).
English Name: Bead Tree.
A tall evergreen tree, usually butressed at the base. Leaves 10-15 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, obscurely and irregularly crenate-serrate or subentire. Racemes 5-7.5 cm long, from the old wood; flowers small, petals 8 mm long, oblong, laciniate about half way down, ciliolate. Drupes 1.3-2 cm diam., globose or somewhat obovoid, purple.
Leaves contain different types of alkaloids including 7 isomeric form of elaeocarpiline, elaeocarpidine, dl-élaeocarpine, quercetin, gallic acid, ellagic acid, rudrakine etc. (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Fruit juice is carminative (Murang).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet.
Return from Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn) K. Schum. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.