Synonyms: Diospyros peregrina auct., Garcinia malabarica Desr.
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gab, Deshi gab, Makur-kendi, Kala tendu
Tribal Name: Gab, Keth gula (Chakma), Thysee (Khumi), Gab gaith (Tanchangya), Kar Pong (Murang).
English Name: Gaub persimmon, River ebony
Trees. Leaves alternate, simple, oblong, obtuse. Flowers in axillary cymes. Fruits berries, yellow when ripe. Seeds compressed, oblong. Flowering time: April-May; Fruiting time: June-July.
Leaves contain triterpenes, betulin, ß-sitosterol, oleanolic acid and myricyl alcohol. Bark, flowers and fruits contain tannins. Bark also contains myricyl alcohol, triterpenes, betulinic acid and saponin. Fruit pulp contains alkanes, triterpenes, ß-sitosterol and its glucoside, betulin, betulinic acid, gallic acid, hexacosane, hexacosanol and a new monohydroxy triterpene ketone.
Seeds contain 32% fatty oil, ß-amyrin and betulinic acid. Stem contains ß-sitosterol and a leucoanthocyanin. Roots contain glycosides (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Occur in village groves throughout the country.