Home >> Plants Profile: Part-D >> Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.

Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.

Group: Dicot
Family: Dilleniaceae - Dillenia family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Hargoza, Akush, Akshi, Karkota, Ajugi, Ajuli (Dhaka-Mymensingh), Hargaza (Chittagong), Hargeza (Chittagong), Argeza (Chittagong), Ekush (Sylhet)

Tribal Name: Harjola (Chakma, Marma), Haza (Tripura), Angje (Khumi), Chambruin (Mogh), Zambrun (Mogh), Hara (Chakma)

Description of the Plant:

Moderate sized trees. Leaves simple, oblong-lanceolate, narrowed at the base. Flowers fascicled appeared on leafless plants, yellow. Fruits with persistent calyx, orange yellow.

Chemical Constituents:

Stem contains a-L-rhamnopyranosyl-3-OH-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid and a flavonone glycosides. Bark contains lupeol, betulin, betulinic and morolic acids (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Mode of Uses:

  • The bark is used to prepare mosquito coils by the Chakma, Marma and Tripura.
  • Boiled fruits are eaten (Khumi).
  • Plant is used in tuberculosis, fistula, sores, carbuncle, neuralgia, pleurisy and pneumonia. Barks and leaves are used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Rema-Kalenga. Bark is used for blood dysentery in Khagrachari.

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka, Tangail and Sylhet.

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