Home >> Plants Profile: Part-D >> Dillenia indica L.

Dillenia indica L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Dilleniaceae - Dillenia family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Chalta, Chalita

Tribal Name: Dabrusi, Ulugach, Ulu (Chakma), Thyfri (Khumi), Kra Aning, Jange bring (Marma), Thabru, Dabru, Ui-pia (Murang), Dabroti (Rakhaing), Jhaipola, Thaiplaw (Tripura).

English Name: Elephant apple

Description of the Plant:

A medium-sized, semi deciduous tree, branches spreading. Leaves fascicled at the end of the branches, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, sharply serrate. Flowers white, large, solitary, towards the end of each branchlet.Fruit large, subglobose.

Chemical Constituents:

Chief contents of the fleshy sepals are tannins, malic acid, arabinogalactan and glucose. They also contain an arabinogalactan, betulin, betulinic acid and flavonoids. Bark and wood contain flavonoids, betulin, betulinic acid, betulinaldehyde, lupeol, ß-sitosterol, myricetinhydroxy-lactone, dihydroisorhamneti, dillentin and glucosides.

Leaves contain flavones, cycloartenone, betulinic acid, n-hentriacontanol and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains betulinaldehyde, betulin, lupeol, ß-sitosterol, myricetin, a new hydroxylactone, dihydro-isorrhamnetin, dillentin and glucosides (Ghani, 2003).

Dillenia indica L.

Dillenia indica L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Fruits are used in curries as additives to make the curries sour and tasty. Fruits are used to prepare pickles (Khumi).
  • Fruit is eaten. A sticky substance from fruit is used as shampoo. In addition it is also applied to treat burn limbs (Murang).
  • Extract prepared from bark is taken two to three tea spoonfuls twice-thrice daily for three month to treat dog bite (Rakhaing).
  • Fruits are used in curries as additives to make the curries sour and tasty. Used as salad. Fruits are cooked as curry (Chakma, Tripura, Marmaand Bawm).

Distribution:

Wild in the forests; also planted in the villages throughout the country.

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