Family: Dilleniaceae - Dillenia family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Chalta, Chalita
Tribal Name: Dabrusi, Ulugach, Ulu (Chakma), Thyfri (Khumi), Kra Aning, Jange bring (Marma), Thabru, Dabru, Ui-pia (Murang), Dabroti (Rakhaing), Jhaipola, Thaiplaw (Tripura).
English Name: Elephant apple
A medium-sized, semi deciduous tree, branches spreading. Leaves fascicled at the end of the branches, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, sharply serrate. Flowers white, large, solitary, towards the end of each branchlet.Fruit large, subglobose.
Chief contents of the fleshy sepals are tannins, malic acid, arabinogalactan and glucose. They also contain an arabinogalactan, betulin, betulinic acid and flavonoids. Bark and wood contain flavonoids, betulin, betulinic acid, betulinaldehyde, lupeol, ß-sitosterol, myricetinhydroxy-lactone, dihydroisorhamneti, dillentin and glucosides.
Leaves contain flavones, cycloartenone, betulinic acid, n-hentriacontanol and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains betulinaldehyde, betulin, lupeol, ß-sitosterol, myricetin, a new hydroxylactone, dihydro-isorrhamnetin, dillentin and glucosides (Ghani, 2003).
Dillenia indica L.
Wild in the forests; also planted in the villages throughout the country.