Home >> Plants Profile: Part-D >> Dendropthoe falcata (L.f.) Etting

Dendropthoe falcata (L.f.) Etting

Synonyms: Loranthus falcatus L.f., Loranthus longiflours Desr.

Group: Dicot
Family: Loranthaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bara Manda, Bandha, Pharulla

Tribal Name: Porsal (Chakma), Alikhowng (Khumi)

Description of the Plant:

A shrub. Leaves elliptic, obtuse, base cuneate or attenuate. Flowers in racemes.Fruits ellipsoid.

Chemical Constituents:

Young shoots contain 10% tannin. Leaves contain flavonoids that have hexokinase like activity. Stems contain ß-amyrin acetate, oleanolic acid and its methyl ester acetate, ß-sitosterol and stigmasterol (Asolkar et al., 1992). Strospeside, neritaloside and odoroside have been isolated from leaves of plants growing on Nerium oleander (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Using Information:

  • A paste of the leaves is applied to affected areas to treat rheumatism (Chakma).
  • Boiled leaves and root are eaten to treat neck as well as body pain. Paste prepared from crushing roots is applied to the affected area twice a day for seven days or until cured in rheumatism (Khumi).
  • The bark has narcotic and astringent properties. It is used in wounds and menstrual troubles and also useful in consumption, asthma and mania.

Distribution:

Found as tree parasite throughout the country.

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