Home >> Plants Profile: Part-D >> Daucas carota L.

Daucas carota L.

Group: Monocot
Family: Apiaceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gajor.

Tribal Name: Molaring (Murang).

English Name: Carrot.

Description of the Plant:

A biennial herb, with thick, fusiform, orange-yellow root. Leaves triangular or oblong in outline, 2-3 pinnatisect into oblong-lanceolate, incised-dentate segments, those of the upper leaves liner-lanceolate.Flowers small, white in a compound umbels.

Chemical Constituents:

Carrot contains a tertiary base with papaverine-like activity and the protoalkaloids, pyrrolidine and daucine. It also contains flavones, sugars and a quaternary base, enzymes, coumarins and volatile components, toxicants, carotatoxins, myristicin and falcarinol. a-humulene, ß-farnesene, a-bergamotene, ?-munrolene and ?-disabolene are also found in the root.

In addition, carrot contains ß-carotene, lactic acid, cholesterol, luteolin 7-glycoside and 5 aglycones, 4 glycosides, lycopersene and ferulic, caffeic and chlorogenic acids. Leaves contain glycosides, cholesterol, ß-sitosterol, vitamin U and significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones.

Seeds contain an essential oil, n-alkanes, ß-sitosterol, glucose and amino acids. They also contain compounds with papaverine-like action, choline and a cholinergic active quaternary base (Ghani, 2003). Essential oils obtained from seeds contain a-pinene, camphene, myrcene, car-3-ene, limonene, ß-bisabolene, ß-caryophyllene, ß-selinene, carotol and daucol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Daucas carota L.

Daucas carota L.

Mode of Uses:

Rhizome paste is applied to burn. Boiled carrot is taken as vegetable (Murang)

Distribution:

Cultivatedthroughout Bangladesh.

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