Home >> Plants Profile: Part-D >> Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC.

Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC.

Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Sisu, Sishoo kath

Tribal Name: Sissoo gach (Rakhaing)

English Name: Sisso, Black Wood, Resewood

Description of the Plant:

Moderate sized trees. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound.Flowers in terminal panicles. Fruits pods. Frequent in Hilly area.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain sissotrin and an isoflavone-O-glycoside. Flowers contain biochenin A, tectorigenin, 7,4-dimethyl tectorigenin and 7-O-methyltectorigenin. Green pods contain meso-inisitol, 7-O-methyltectorigenin and its 4'-rhamnoglucoside. Mature pods contain isocaviumin, tectorigenin, dalbergin, biochamin A and 7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarin, 7-O-glucosides of tectorigenin, caviunin and tannins. Stem bark contains dalberginone, dalbergin, methyldalbergin, a 4-phenylchromene, dalbergichromene and isotectorigenin.

Heartwood contains dalbergin, nordalbergenones, dalbergichromene 3,5-dihydorxy-trans-stilbene, biochanin A and a allylphenol of latifolin type - dalbergiphenol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Heartwood also contains fixed oil, containing Myristic, Palmitic, Stearic, Arachidic, Linoleic, Oleic acid and essential oil, containing two sesquiterpene derivatives bisabolene and nerolidol (Ansari et al., 2000).

Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC.

Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC.

Mode of Uses:

  • Decoction of bark is taken two tea spoonfuls twice daily for seven days for the treatment of malaria (Rakhaing).
  • The leaf extract is given in dysentery by the Chakma in Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Distribution

:

Planted throughout the country.

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