Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Sisu, Sishoo kath
Tribal Name: Sissoo gach (Rakhaing)
English Name: Sisso, Black Wood, Resewood
Moderate sized trees. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound.Flowers in terminal panicles. Fruits pods. Frequent in Hilly area.
Leaves contain sissotrin and an isoflavone-O-glycoside. Flowers contain biochenin A, tectorigenin, 7,4-dimethyl tectorigenin and 7-O-methyltectorigenin. Green pods contain meso-inisitol, 7-O-methyltectorigenin and its 4'-rhamnoglucoside. Mature pods contain isocaviumin, tectorigenin, dalbergin, biochamin A and 7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarin, 7-O-glucosides of tectorigenin, caviunin and tannins. Stem bark contains dalberginone, dalbergin, methyldalbergin, a 4-phenylchromene, dalbergichromene and isotectorigenin.
Heartwood contains dalbergin, nordalbergenones, dalbergichromene 3,5-dihydorxy-trans-stilbene, biochanin A and a allylphenol of latifolin type - dalbergiphenol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Heartwood also contains fixed oil, containing Myristic, Palmitic, Stearic, Arachidic, Linoleic, Oleic acid and essential oil, containing two sesquiterpene derivatives bisabolene and nerolidol (Ansari et al., 2000).
Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC.
Planted throughout the country.