Bryonia grandis L.
Coccinia cordifolia auct. non (L.) Cogn.
Coccinia indica Wight & Arn.
Cephalandra indica Naud.
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Telakucha, Vinbu, Kakjhinga, Kawoaluli, Kanduri, Kuchila, Mamakola, Makal.
Tribal Name: Telakochu shag (Chakma), Muss si (Murang).
English Name: lvy Gourd
Climbing herbaceous annuals. Stems and coiled tendrils. The leaves are alternate and usually palmately 5-lobed or divided. Stipules are absent. The flowers are actinomorphic and nearly always unisexual. The perianth has a short to prolonged epigynous zone that bears a calyx of 3-6 segments or lobes and 3-6 petals or more frequently a 3-6-lobed sympetalous corolla. The fruit is a type of berry called a pepo.
Aerial parts contain protein, fat, carbohydrates, mineral, vitamin C, sterols, ß-sitosterol, phenolic compounds, triterpenoids, ß-amyrin, ß-amyrine acetate and lupeol, bitter glycoside constituents; alkaloids, cephalandrine A and B, alcohol, cephalandrol, tritriacontane, heptacosane. Fruits contain ß-amyrin, lupeol and a bitter glycoside containing cucurbitacin B. ß-Sitosterol, ß-carotene, lycopene, cryptoxanthin, apo-6'-lycopenal, taraxerone, taraxerol and ethylcholesterol gluciside have also been isolated from fruits.
Ripe fruits contain carotenoids. Roots contain lupeol acetate, ß-amyrin acetate and ß-sitosterol. They also contain a new saponin, 3-O- ß- (a-L-arabino-pyranosyl-(1-2)-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)- ß-hydroxylup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid and stigmast-7-en-3-one (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Throughout the country in fallow lands and on fences.