Clitoria albiflora Mattei, Clitoria bracteata Poir.
Clitoria tanganicensis Micheli, Clitoria zanzibarensis Vatke
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Aparajita, Nila.
Tribal Name: Amio (Marma), Bay Song Kra (Murang), Aowmabeowabong (Rakhaing)
English Name: Butterfly Pea.
Plants are herbs, vines, shrubs, trees, and lianas. Leaves are stipulate, nearly always alternate, and range from bipinnately or palmately compound to simple. Flowers are usually bisexual, actinomorphic to zygomorphic. Fruit is usually a legume. Seed often have a hard coat with hourglass-shaped cells, and sometimes bear a u-shaped line called a pleurogram.
Leaves contain a lactone aparajitin, glycosides of kaempferol, stigmastone, ß- and ?-sitosterols and d-lactone compounds. Seeds contain a fixed oil, tannins and a bitter resinous principle. They also contain cinnamic acid, flavonaol glycosides; hexacosanol, ß-sitosterol, ?-sitosterol and an anthoxanthin glucoside.
A phenol glycoside, 3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavone-3-rhamnoglycoside, an alkaloid, ethyl a-D-galactopyranoside and p-hydroxycinnamic acid polypeptide have been isolated from defatted seeds. Root bark contains tannin, taraxerol and taraxerone. Malvidin-3ß-glucoside, delphinidin-3ß-glucoside and 3'-methyl ether of delphinidin-3ß-glucoside have been isolated from blue flowers. Plant also contains stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione. (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Clitoria ternatea L.
Cultivated in gardens all over the country.