Clerodendrum infortunatum auct.
Volkameria infortunata Roxb.
Clerodendrum infortunatum Gaertn.
Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Vant, Ghetu
Tribal Name: Kuidin (Bawm), Bake pata (Chakma), Baita gach (Garo), Arong (Khumi), Bhaiddong pata,Khunka (Marma), Yammuck , Woak (Murang), Vec gaas (Tanchangya), Big ghas (Tripura).
A large shrub; branches 4-angled. Leaves simple, ovate or orbicular, serrate, tomentose beneath. Flowers white tinged with pink, in terminal sub-corymbose panicles. Drupes bluish-black.
The plant contains saponin, flavonoids, alkaloids, a new glycoside, clerodendroside, lupeol, benzoic acid derivatives and ß-sitosterol. The plant also contains clerosterol, clerodolone, clerodone. Leaves contain protein, free reducing sugar, a bitter principle, clerodin a sterol, oleic, stearic and lignoceric acids, tannin, glucuronide and gallic acid.
Roots contain lupeol & ß-sitosterol, the antifungal flavonoids, cabruvin and quercetin. The seeds contain a fatty oil, in which the major fatty acids are palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. Clerodin and hentriacontane have been isolated from flowers (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.
Occur along road sides and fallow lands, throughout the country.